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175- -

1819 . . . - . . , . . ,. . , . . . - - , - , .

- 1724 - , . . 1784 . ( - ) . , , [1].

1819 . I . [3]. 1800 . , 1803 . . 1813 . - [6]. 1817 . - ( ). , , .

( ) - . (1865 .), , (1924 .), (1925 .), , (1938 .), (1965 ., 1966 .), (1990 ., 1971 .). . , , , .

. : . . - 1822 1844 ., . . - 1845 1863 ., . . - 1863 1871 ., . . - 1871 1879 ., , . . - 1881 1897 ., . . - 1897 1926 ., . . - 1926 1961 ., . . - 1961 1987 ., . . - 1987 1992 . 1992 . . . . . . [3], , . . , . , , . . . . ( [3]) , . . , , - .

. [3] . . . , , , , . . . . . . - . . , , - . . . . , 1886 . . . . - - , , - . .

. . . , - , , , , ; . . . , . . , , - .

. . . . . . . . . . . , 1911 ., .

. . : , . : (1922-1930 ., . . , . . .); , - (1932-1934 ., . . , . . ; 1953-1956 . . . -, . . , . . ); ( 1926 . . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . .); ( 1936 . . . -, . . ; 1945 . . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . ); - . . , . . . . - . .

. . . , . . , (1937). . . Д, (1938) (1954). . . , , , , . . . . , . . , . . -.

. . (1914-1993 .) - , , , . , , , . . , - , , . . (1955), (1961), , - , , (1965).

. . , . . , ( , - ) , . - . . , . . . . . , , , . . , . . . . , . . . : - , , .

. . , , . , - , . , . 1970 . . . -. . . . . (1984) . . , . . . . . . (1990) . . . . . (1982) . . . , , . , . . - (1978). . . , , (1976). . . - , . . . 1987 . . . , . . . . . . . , . . , . . , . . - . . - , , . . . , -, . . ( . . ). . . . . - , . . .

. . , , , , , - - .

. . . . 1945 . , . . , . . . . , . 1 (1961) . . . . . , - , , . . . , 1962 ., . . 1965 . . 1966 . , , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . . , - , - . . . . [3, . 72, 73]. 1991 . . . ( . . , .

- . . (1914-1987 .) 1945 . 18 1987 . , (, , , , ) . . . Д, , . . . - . . - . . . . . . - - . . . . . . - .

. . (1912-1992 .) 1947 1972 . . . , . . . . , - 1964, 1967, 1968, 1972, 1975, 1979, 1988 . ( . . , . . ). . . , 1945 ., . . , , , (1957).

. . . . . . . . . , . , . 41 , 45 . . . 34-57 , . . 44-62 , . . 32-40 , . . 32-40 , . . 38-51 ( , 1918 . 25- ; . . ), . . 40 , 69 , . . 44-79 , . . 47-73 . 54 - - . . , , , , , , . , - , , , . . 46- . . .

. , . , , , , , . : 1917 . - . . , . . , . . , . . ; 1920- .-. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . ; 1930- . - . . , . . , . . , . . ; 1940- .-. . , . . , . . ; 1950- . - . , . 3. , . . , . . , . . ; 1960- .-. . , . . , . . , . . . : - - . : . . - ; . . - , ; . . - ; . . - . . . . . , , . . . . . [4], , . , .

- , , XIX-XX . [6]: , [2], [5], . , , , . . , . . - , , . . , , - , . . . . , . . . . .

, - . . . . , - ?

:

  • . . .- . : - . -, 1993.-160 .
  • . ., . : . . // , .-1988.-10, 2.- . 48-52.
  • . . .- .: - . -, 1972.-88 .
  • . . ( 175- - ) // . . , -.-1993.- . 122, . 5.- . 87-95.
  • . . . . // . . -.-1977.-. 7, . 1.- . 116-122.
  • . ., . . : , , .- : . , 1985.-93./li>

SUMMARY. Department of mineralogy and geognosia exists persistently at the St.-Petersburg University since 1819 and is one of centres in Russia engaged in formation of genetic mineralogy and mineralogy as chemistry of earth processes. It gave rise to other , departments of the present-day geological faculty of the University which have gradually separated from it. The most significant successes in reseach and lecturing at the department are due to the activity of its chiefs: P. A. Puzyrevsky, V. V. Dokuchaev, S. M. Kurbatov, A. A. Kukharenko. The mineralogical school of the St.-Petersburg University often contacted with mineralogical schools of the West-European Universities, St.-Petersburg Mining Institute, Kiev University, Moscow University.

. . . 1994. .16, 3-4, 96-101 .